Is it all about how 'lucky' you are?
Jay Doubleyou: don’t think you’re lucky? think again
Or are there other games at play which determine how well you do in life?
Jay Doubleyou: SAT tests are 'weakening our democracy"
Jay Doubleyou: the fall and rise of social democracy?
At the heart of this is 'meritocracy':
Meritocracy - Wikipedia
Meritocracy - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For BBC Radio, the Harvard philosopher Michael Sandel put together a programme with people from over 40 countries taking part:
Do Those on Top Deserve Their Success?
BBC Radio 4 - The Global Philosopher, Do Those on Top Deserve Their Success?
BBC Radio 4 - The Global Philosopher - Michael Sandel
It's obviously a hot topic, with the Financial Times doing a big piece on it:
Architects of Meritocracy